If you’ve been following my last few posts, the first thing I must do is apologize for taking so long to get this one out.  2014 camp enrollments have been pounding us and I’m a bit behind. You know that I’m discussing four critical times in the swing sequence. I’ve labeled them the Four Moments of Truth. Overly dramatic? Maybe a tad. But after analyzing thousands of hitters, it’s become clear that a breakdown at any of these Moments of Truth (MOT) will severely limit the hitter’s chance for success.

In order to illustrate MOT #3 let’s go back to MOT #1. Check out the angle of Joey Votto’s cocked wrists at Heel Down.

Votto - camps









The angle of the bat and Joey’s top hand is just about 90 degrees.

It’s at this moment that so many hitters lay their wrists back resulting in what the Big Guys call “laying off the bat head.” This results in a longer swing (not good). This wrist angle change will result in the back elbow sliding underneath too fast and too early which drops the bat head below the hitting zone. The bat is then making contact at an aggressive uphill angle and the result is a swing under the ball or a top-spin grounder.

bad connection








This young hitter has laid his wrists back and caused the bat head to drop too far too fast.

So, what do we want the hitter to do with his wrists as he begins the swing?…nothing. That is, the hitter maintains the cocked wrist angle until they unfold just before contact. Fight the urge to make some kind of an adjustment prior to that. The wrists explode into the ball at contact…but not before. That’s why maintaining the cocked wrist angle is MOMENT OF TRUTH #3.

Votto - camps 2









See how Joey has maintained his wrist angle even as his hands pass by his back hip.

In my next post I’ll look at MOT #4… “Roll Your Wrists and Hit the Exit Ramp Off the Hitting Highway.” Until then, if you’re gonna swing might as well swing hard.

Coach Tim



In my last post I discussed the components of the optimum stance to generate bat accuracy and power at the point of contact. I labeled that MOMENT OF TRUTH #1. Today’s topic is a bit more controversial. I say “controversial” not because hitting experts don’t recognize that it happens; but rather because some may not give it the same emphasis as we do at the Reds Baseball Camps. This single move can set up the hitter’s lower half for success or it can betray the entire swing…and it doesn’t come naturally for hitters so we need to teach it. That’s why I think it’s critical.

So, exactly what is MOMENT OF TRUTH #2? So many times I’ve heard baseball people debate regarding the first thing that moves when we launch the bat. Invariably, there is a group that believes that the hitter “just throws his hands” at the ball. Yes, the hitter does do that…but it is by no means the FIRST thing. In fact, it’s the last thing the hitter does prior to contact.

So what’s first? Drum roll please…The inside of the back knee pinches forward and down toward the inside ankle of the front foot. It’s the Knee Pinch that keeps the hitter from spinning on his back foot. It’s the Knee Pinch that launches the back hip, which is the power center. It is the Knee Pinch that prevents the hitter from rising up on his back leg. Yes, it’s the Knee Pinch that launches the hitter’s momentum into the baseball. Important? You betcha.

Take a look at the shots of Chris Heisey and Joey Votto. Notice the Knee Pinch.

Heisey knee pinch

Chris Heisey

Votto knee pinch

Joey Votto

The Knee Pinch is difficult to teach in the context of this blog. But go ahead and use your DVR the next time Votto, Bruce or Mesoraco launches a moon shot. Focus on the back knee and I think you will see exactly what I mean and exactly why I respectfully submit the Knee Pinch as MOMENT OF TRUTH #2.

In my next post I’ll focus on MOMENT OF TRUTH #3…”Bend Your Wrists and Wave Bye-Bye to a Good Swing.” Until then, if you’re gonna swing might as well swing hard.

Coach Tim



In my last post I talked about the overwhelming value of using video to help your athlete. In our Reds Baseball/Softball summer camps we video the swing of every player. But that’s the easy part. Video is nothing more than a nice keepsake unless it’s transformed into a teaching tool and that takes some serious baseball smarts.

I’ve done over 2,000 swing analyses over the past couple years and I’ve identified four points in the swing that can make or break a hitter’s at bat. It’s those four “Moments of Truth” where kids have a tendency to mess up. I think the reason why these breakdowns occur is because there’s nothing particularly “natural” about these four key points in the swing. Kids don’t fall out of the crib doing them.

That these critical moments in the swing don’t come naturally is the bad news. The good news is that they can be taught.

MOMENT OF TRUTH #1: If you want to finish right, you need to start right. Many of the problems at contact are a function of bad posture at heel plant. What the hitter does prior to the front heel planting is, for the most part, a matter of personal style. However, at heel plant is when hitting instructors start “keeping score.”

Here is a great shot of Joey Votto at heel plant and the following six checkpoints are critical to starting a good swing.

Votto heel plant





















  1. Head up and turned so that both eyes can track the ball. No tilting!!
  2. Knob of the bat is angled toward the catcher’s feet. Barrel is somewhat about his head
  3. Hands are at shoulder height and at or just inside his back elbow (toward the catcher)
  4. Don’t let the camera angle fool you. At heel plant, Joey’s head is right above his belt buckle and in the middle of his feet. He looks like his weight is evenly distributed front to back
  5. Knees are inside ankles and flexed in athletic position
  6. Toes are on a straight line toward the pitcher

Does your hitter have to look exactly like this? Or course not. But all good hitters at heel plant look remarkably similar. So, from our perspective it makes a whole bunch of sense for the Reds Baseball Academy to make sure our kids understand this. If you start right there is no guarantee you’ll finish right. But, if you start wrong, there is not much chance of finishing right. Make sense?

In my next post I’ll focus on Moment of Truth #2…the first domino to fall in the swing sequence. Until then, if you’re gonna swing, might as well swing hard.

Coach Tim



In my last post I promised a $5 suggestion that could have a profound impact on your child’s baseball/softball life. Read on…

Inside Great  American Ball Park sits a guy you are going to hear a whole bunch more about as the season progresses. Rob Coughlin is the Video Coordinator for the Reds and has just been named as the guy who will help Bryan Price determine whether or not Coach Price will challenge a play on the field under the new MLB replay rules.

When Rob is not being Coach Price’s replay “eyes” he sits amid a bank of laptops and video screens that would make NASA jealous. Rob’s job is to record and catalog every pitch and every at-bat (both ours and theirs) for players and coaches to review as needed. While baseball, on the field, has remained relatively unchanged for the past century, our ability to dissect every aspect of a player’s performance upside down and inside out has changed exponentially.

While the level of digital sophistication at the ML B level is understandably off the chart, there are very affordable options for parents and youth coaches. For my money, with kids’ fascination with all things video, their tendency to be visual learners and the sheer speed of pitching and hitting actions, everybody should use video to help their kids.

Video. That’s my strong suggestion. Video may be the single biggest new asset a parent/coach can bring to the field. Kids love watching themselves and coaches love the “proof is in the video” credibility they get when players finally “see” what you’ve been telling them all along.

At our Reds Baseball/Softball Camps we record the swing of every player, analyze it, and email it out sometime after the camp. It’s an unbelievably valuable tool to extend the camp “classroom” beyond the 30 hour camp week.

If you are the analytical type and need to research all the products in the market feel free to “Google” away. You may come up with better options…and there are tons of options. Here is my summary of what I think you should be looking for:

  1. Easy to learn. I want my guys to be great baseball coaches, not computer whizzes.
  2. Analysis must be work on iOS and Android tablets and smartphones
  3. I must be able to narrate, telestrate and run back and forth in slo-mo
  4. I want side-by-side player comparison ability
  5. Easy to share
  6. Cloud-based so that email systems won’t reject large files
  7. Smart tech company that will keep improving their product
  8. Cheap

DISCLAIMER: The Reds Baseball Camps have no financial interest or any other interest in promoting one app over another. In fact, if you come up with a better selection, I’m all ears.

I have found that Coach’s Eye (www.coachseye.com) meets our needs quite nicely. I’m almost embarrassed to tell you that the cost of Coach’s Eye is a whopping $4.99.

In 2014, video is too cheap, too easy and too powerful to ignore. In my next post I will reveal my first of four “Moments of Truth” that can make or break an at-bat. Oh yeah, I’ve identified these four “Moments of Truth” by doing over 2,000 swing analyses…on video.

Until next time, if you’re gonna swing, might as well swing hard.

Coach Tim

Coach's Eye shot














Every coach should consider using video as a teaching tool


We often hear that “pitchers and catchers report” may be the most poetic and inspirational four word phrase in a baseball lover’s vocabulary. But I’ve got a better one…”Reporting from Spring Training.” And that’s exactly where I am as I write this.

Every year I make the trip to Goodyear, Arizona to watch baseball. Not so much to watch the games as to watch the guys prepare. My role as Director of the Cincinnati Reds Baseball Camps is to make sure that what we do at camp in Mason, Lexington, Dublin, etc., reflects what goes on in our Big League camp. And so I come to Goodyear to watch and listen. Because when you break it down, our week-long instructional camps look a lot more like Spring Training than a day at Great American Ball Park.

After just two days here’s what I see. I see a whole lot of attention being paid to fundamentals. You might think that’s always the case and to a large extent it is. But this camp feels different. These Bryan Price Reds do it, repeat it, and do it again until every detail is right.

Today I saw bunt coverage, “first and thirds,” rundowns, PFP, backhands, forehands, outfield drop steps. I watched #19 spend 30 minutes after practice fielding ground balls and short hops from every angle. And he wasn’t the only one.


Typical Spring Training morning…Pitcher Fielding Practice (PFP)


I can imagine that to the Spring Training neophyte, all this activity might seem a bit chaotic, but it’s not. There is a purpose and tempo to everything going on.

You could hang up a sign over Goodyear that reads “MEN AT WORK” and that would be spot on. And that’s why I love coming out here. That, and a net gain of about 50 degrees from the frigid temps at home.

In my next post I’ll give you an idea that may be the best thing you can do to help the young player in your life. So break the piggy bank because this idea is going to set you back about $5…no kidding.

Until then, I’m Coach Tim “Reporting from Spring Training.” (sigh) If you’re gonna swing, might as well swing hard.


Right out of the box I will admit that just because we wear a Major League uniform doesn’t mean we have all the answers. I am not afraid to question what I believe and have made adjustments in my teaching approach over the years as a result. That being said, I’m also not bashful about going toe-to-toe with things I hear that are fundamentally wrong; especially those that pose a threat to the health of the athlete.

 Here are some of my “favorites” from this past summer…

 #1. “Are You Teaching the NEW Way of Hitting?”

Oh boy. Part of my role with the Reds is to attend seminars, study video, observe Spring Training, and generally keep up with new approaches to teaching our game. 99% of the time, a question like that is traced to a private instructor or Internet Guru whose trying to make a name for himself by “discovering” something new or renaming something old for marketing purposes. Doesn’t mean they’re wrong…but they do add to the noise that tends to confuse people. We teach hitting the way that Joey Votto, Jay Bruce, Brandon Phillips and for that matter, Miguel Cabrera, swing the bat.

 #2. “My Son Plays Travel Ball so He’s Probably Too Good for Your Camp.”

Ugh. Them’s fightin’ words. When you take a look at the resume of our coaching staff and the depth of our curriculum, it’s pretty much impossible to conclude that we can’t help an athlete of any level…unless he comes to camp with the mindset that he doesn’t want to learn.

 #3. “Girls Need to Learn a Different Way to Hit Because…Well, They’re Girls.”

I know that statement is not meant to be insulting to softball players…but it is. The male and female bodies get the bat to the ball in exactly the same way. Granted, there are some nuances but girls generate force at the point of contact just like guys. Just ask Jennie Finch, Crystl Bustos, Stacey Nuveman and Jessica Mendoza…some of the best U.S Olympic hitters of all time. Better yet, grab some video as I have and see for yourself. Of course, I’m not referring to slap hitting here. 

#4. “I Heard You Should Never Use a Batting Tee Again.”

 Yikes. There’s that Internet Guru again proclaiming that if you don’t do it his way, at best you are a terrible coach and at worst, a moron. Don’t use tees? Wrong. Wrong. Wrong. Every professional, collegiate and high school team relies on the tee to isolate swing mechanics before introducing a pitched ball. Statements like that may be a good way to sell a video but they also add more confusing noise in the market. By the way, I bought video…and I got my money back.

#5. “I’m Going to Have My Son Throw Every Day Over the Winter to Add MPH’s to His Fastball.”

No. No. No. Sometimes more is not better and when it comes to the “care and feeding” of the arm, it definitely isn’t. The shoulder and elbow need rest in order to repair the strain of the long grind of the spring/summer season. Big Leaguers shut it down after the season and not just to play golf. Since 2000, there has been a 500% increase in elbow and shoulder injuries among young baseball and softball players. Almost all of that is attributed to overuse. Now when I say to shut it down I’m referring to all overhead activity like volleyball, football passing, dodge ball in gym class, badminton, etc. I know that’s not realistic but not throwing a baseball IS realistic. Work on core strength and hammer those difficult-to-work decelerators in the back. You will love the result come spring.

#6. “Coach, Am I Throwing the Curveball Correctly?”

I won’t even answer that question. Yes, it’s true that a correctly thrown curveball is less stressful on your arm than one thrown incorrectly. And yes, there are some pro’s who started throwing junk very early in their young lives. There are also miles of scar tissue and shattered careers because of the unnecessary harm caused by curves and sliders. As a teacher of baseball and the Director of the Reds Camps I will not teach the curve because it plays Russian Roulette with the pre-pubescent athlete. I know that’s controversial but winning isn’t worth the risk. Spot your fastball. Throw a change-up and study hitters’ weaknesses. The “W’s” will pile up.

OK, got all that off my chest. Until next time, “If you’re gonna swing, might as well swing hard.”

- Tim


I admit that as I’ve aged, I’ve become more and more of a homebody. So, when Team Rhino Sports, the only baseball/softball training academy in the Middle East, invited me to assist with a camp for the Dubai Little League, it took more than a little nudging to pack my suitcase and make the journey to the “Land of the Sand.” But, with passport in hand and one of the best Reds Camp instructors at my side, Isaac Valdez and I boarded a plane for the 15 hour flight to Dubai.

 For the geographically challenged, of which I am a charter member, Dubai is a city in the emirate of Dubai which is part of the country of the United Arab Emirates. Think of it as New York City in the state of New York in the country of the United States. That may be where the similarities end. Dubai is a Muslim emirate sitting on the Persian Gulf not so very far from places we hear about every day…and not often in a good way.

In the city of Dubai, you can play a spectacular golf course in the morning, eat lunch at the world’s tallest building, shop in the world’s largest shopping mall and finish the day by skiing indoors at another enormous shopping mall…no kidding. The wealth and opulence are incredible. Roger Federer gave a tennis lesson yesterday to one of the camp kids and Rihanna is performing tonight just up the road in Abu Dhabi…not very often I get to write “Abu Dhabi” so I had to throw that in. Dubai is where the Arabs come to relax as well as a whole bunch of famous American entertainers.

And then there is baseball. I really didn’t know what to expect from the Dubai Little League but what I found was an organization that is trying to hang on to a piece of their heritage which happens to be embedded in a rare patch of green that serves as home to the 400 kids of the Dubai Little League.

This is the morning of the last day of camp and what I’ve experienced isn’t whole lot different than Reds Camp in Centerville or Mason. Yes, the kids are from Dubai, Qatar, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Malaysia but they got those addresses by way of Ohio, Indiana, New Jersey, Washington, etc. In other words, these are American children of “expats” who have been raised to love baseball and their MLB teams just like we do. They are following the playoffs like their counterparts in America except for the fact that the games usually start around 4am local time.

It’s been a remarkable experience and I feel blessed to be a part of these kids’ baseball lives. It’s going to be 105 degrees today and you have to be careful as the sun and heat can flatten you like an Aroldis Chapman fastball. Other than the heat, the only threat to my health in this Middle Eastern country was the teenage Dubai Royal firing past our car at about 200mph in his Ferrari on our way to the baseball fields yesterday…

Until next time, “If you’re gonna swing, might as well swing hard.”

Coach Tim




Isaac Valdez and I at Dubai’s “Field of Dreams” with the Burj Khalifa (world’s tallest building) in the background.


secret sauce

 We recently concluded our second season of the Reds Baseball/Softball Camps and it was a wonderful repeat of Year One…except that over 1,000 kids attended, up over 20% from 2012. I want to extend our sincere appreciation to a crazy good group of instructors who are the backbone of the operation. I also want to thank Jay Bruce, Zack Cozart, Xavier Paul, Shin-Soo Choo, JJ Hoover, Todd Frazier and Tony Cingrani for making the Great American Ball Park visits so unforgettable. And, of course, Billy Hatcher was again the perfect host for our GABP trips.

At each camp, we conduct a Skills Competition that really spices up the week. A few weeks ago, the top 80 scorers from the summer participated in Champions Day at GABP. In addition to the 80 competitors, there were another 300+ friends and family members in attendance.

The focus of this post is to ask whether or not placing kids in the cauldron of competition prepares them for what’s ahead. Trust me; the kids at Champions Day feel the pressure of competing for a trophy in front of a lot of people on the very field their baseball heroes perform. It’s only natural to feel that heart-pounding, sweaty palms, “where’s the restroom?” sensation. The big question, of course, is whether or not the performer can park those feelings somewhere they won’t impede their physical and mental performance. Or do they give into them and essentially fall apart at the most critical time?

I submit that champions not only control those emotions but use them to propel his/her performance to new heights. That confidence, that belief in oneself, is the secret sauce in every winner’s recipe.

I think about all the travel tryouts that were conducted throughout Reds Country in the last 60 days. We measure kids’ running speed. We hit them ground balls and watch the “carry” on their throws across the infield or outfield. We throw batting practice and watch their strokes. What we can’t do is put a dipstick in that part of the athlete that measures their ability to manage stress…to excel under pressure. If we could, I fear that many of us would come up a quart low.

Case in point. If you ever had the pleasure of standing in the third base coaching box you get a real sense of the kids who step into the batter’s box like they own it. It’s as though they lock the door behind them and nothing exists other than the next pitch. These kids will compete for me. On the other hand, I’ve had plenty of kids who stepped into the batter’s box in that same pressure cooker situation and looked as though there was a snake in it.

The remarkable “you can’t beat me” attitude is what separates good from great and it may very well be hard wired in the athlete’s DNA. Although, preparation, experience and multiple “learnable” techniques can make a huge difference. But the “will to win” that we see from the great ones may not be something we can teach. Then again, a few Sunday’s ago class was in session at GABP for 80 young athletes from the Reds Baseball/Softball Camps…and they put on a show. You can go to HERE to see the final rankings.

Until next time, “If you’re gonna swing, might as well swing hard.”

Coach Tim

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Northern Kentucky Reds Camp Visits Great American Ball Park

As you may or may not know, for one day out of the week long Reds baseball and softball camp, the participants get to take a much coveted trip to Great American Ball Park. Clearly a highlight of the week for most campers. On this trip they get to meet former and current Reds players, coaches, and staff as part of a truly one of a kind experience. Just recently it was the Northern Kentucky Camps turn to visit the big league stadium and needless to say, it looks like they enjoyed it. They were greeted by Zack Cozart, Billy Hatcher and others. Here are some photos from their visit to the ballpark. Also, if you would like to signup for any of the remaining camps in Cincinnati, Columbus, Dayton, and Louisville, or would just like some information on this one of a kind experience, make sure and check out the Reds Baseball and Softball Camps website here: www.reds.com/camps.

And as always, remember “If your gonna swing, might as well swing hard.”

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Train the Brain the Right Way for the Best Baseball Results.

In 1994, at the age of 31, perhaps the greatest basketball player of that generation and maybe of all generations decided to quit the NBA and become a professional baseball player. Yes, Michael Jordan, an extraordinarily gifted athlete retired (for the first time) from the NBA and gave everything he had in order to get a shot at the Big Leagues.

Certainly someone with such amazing athleticism and a legendary will to succeed could find his way on to a Major League roster…nope, it didn’t happen. Jordan’s .202 batting average for the AA Birmingham Barons was the beginning and end of his pro baseball “odyssey.”

You see, hitting successfully is not like lifting weights or even running a marathon. Hitting is a complex visual-motor skill that has to be learned. Picking up spin, speed and identifying direction of a pitched ball and then getting the bat to the right spot at the right time requires a skill set that doesn’t happen by accident.

When Michael Jordan’s brain was most receptive to making all the amazing neurological connections necessary to be a skilled baseball player, he was busy learning another sport. The bottom line is that at age 31, Jordan was too old for his brain to make the complex adjustments to play baseball at a high level.

So, you say, “Coach Tim, where are you going with this?” We need to understand there is a time in the life of our brain when it is better suited to learn. Ever wonder why kids can pick up a second language so much easier than us old fogies? The young brain is craving new stimuli and responds accordingly. The older brain is still growing but not with nearly the same appetite as it once had.

That’s pretty much why we work so hard on correct fundamentals at the Reds Baseball/Softball Camps. I swear we can almost hear the brain cells multiplying when we’re around young players. The brain is a blank canvass or as some neurologists call it; an “engram.” Think of the brain as a blank DVD that only records what we send to it. That’s why it is so critical to not only learn the game at a young age, but to learn to play it correctly.

In my opinion and it’s an opinion shared by many others, what separates great baseball players from the rest of us mere mortals is their ability to collect and process data. Fielding thousands of ground balls, throwing thousands of pitches and seeing pitch after pitch after pitch is the data that our brain must collect and process in order for it to learn.

I can’t even imagine how many complex and nearly simultaneous pieces of data a hitter must process as a 95mph heater is hurled at him. To top it off, the body has about as much time as it takes to strike a match to act on the data. And yet, they do it. And they do it because they have observed and processed so much data over their baseball lives that they have achieved a level of “unconscious competency.”

Since data collection and processing is vital in acquiring fine motor skills, it is important that we try to reach game speed when we practice. I know what I am saying is very difficult to achieve at the youth level. But there are things we can do to send the right training messages to our brain.

For starters, use a stopwatch liberally. It’s easy to figure out how fast a typical runner gets down the line so when you are doing infield, put a stopwatch on your fielders and challenge them to get the ball to first base under that time. Turn double plays with a stopwatch and watch the pace of your practices pick up. Practices will not only be more fun but the “data” your players collect will be far more valuable for their developing baseball brains.

Another “data collecting” idea I’ve employed in the past is the use of a bat speed measuring device at indoor practices. Here’s a picture of one that I really like and that we use at camp. Wait until you see how much faster your kids swing the bat when each swing is being measured against their last swing as well as their teammates’.

Use a stop watch liberally.

Use a stop watch liberally.

Use a bat speed radar detector.

Using aids like a stopwatch and a bat speed device can boost the quality of practices and feed the baseball brain with valuable data.

Again, the point is to approach game speed in your training whenever possible so that learning can be optimized. It’s not hocus pocus. There is a scientific, neurological basis for learning baseball at a young age and it is paramount that the training messages we send to the brain are mechanically correct and approach the intensity that the brain/body will be asked to achieve in competition.

In short…Train Young. Train right. Play right.

Until next time, “If you’re gonna swing, might as well swing hard.”

Coach Tim


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